Use the new Android Device Manager to locate, ring your device or do a remote wipe. This website provided by Google is similar to the Find My iPhone service and requires initial set-up on your phone. I’ve known plenty of people that have lost phones and wished they had activated a service like this in advance. Log on today and set up your device.
The service doesn’t keep a history of your locations. Your device must be turned on and connected to the internet to work with the service. Here is a screen shot of the service in action: